Do you ever wonder how many dimensions the universe has? If you ask me, it has at least 5. The 5 dimensions are:

  1. Length
  2. Width
  3. Height
  4. Spacetime
  5. Dreamtime

The first 3 are the spatial dimensions; the last 2 are the time-related dimensions. The spatial dimensions determine the size of physical objects & show distance. Spacetime is how long an event is; this dimension can determine which events happened before or after one another. Dreamtime determines how many possibilities there are, depending on a decision or probability.

The link below will show an animated example of how dreamtime works! Tonka the Jeep & Michelle Lipstick the driver are the 2 characters featured.

Michelle&TonkaDemonstrateDreamtimeThumbnail

http://blueworldcartoons.com/Michelle&TonkaDemonstrateDreamtime.swf

To conclude this subject, there could be more than 5 dimensions in the universe, but surely the 5th one can allow us to travel to many different parallel universes also known as alternate histories! These alternate histories have mutually exclusive events to this universe’s history; some events may be similar but slightly different to this one. There is something even bigger than the universe called the multiverse, which contains every possible universe we can imagine!

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Sometimes, narrators or story-tellers get critics that may judge them just because of the rather violent stories they tell or create. But that doesn’t necessarily make the narrators bad people, morally. Fortunately, most people know the difference between right & wrong. When the right action is done, good things happen; when the wrong action is done, bad things happen.

A narrator’s story is supposed to show why you should or should not do specific good or bad actions. Sometimes, characters in a narrator’s story do morally bad things & such characters are called villains, especially if the character has an extremely selfish excuse, meaning that he/she doesn’t care what trouble it will cause. On the other hand, the character could be just morally confused & finding a way to get even with an opponent; such a character is called an antihero.

Burger'sHeartVsDrake'sHeart

The character in the left panel – Burger Meat Food – is an antihero who’s morally confused about double standards between the 2 sexes, but the character in the right panel – Drake the Tyrannosaurus – is a full-pledged, misogynistic villain!

 

Sometimes, antiheroes are judged as harshly as villains. (Either by the other characters of the story or the audience viewing the story) However, an antihero is less likely to do something unforgivable. If you want your character(any specific one that you imagined) to get some love from your audience, don’t have him/her do any action that would make that character too detestable. Alternatively, if you want that character to be a full-pledged villain, then you can have him/her do something very detestable!

Finally, as a member of a narrator’s audience, please remember that just because a character or several characters in the narrator’s story or stories is/are evil, it does NOT mean that the narrator is also evil. Good narrators imagine evil characters for a noble reason: to show viewers the results of wicked actions. When the villain(s) of the story get(s) punished before it’s over, it makes a good story that has a moral to it. Stories with morally negative messages are usually unacceptable; for example, if the villain is rewarded for his/her evil action at the end of the story, then it morally obligates people to do evil! Such a story would be hated, plus, it makes the narrator seem too evil! A good narrator would never want to publish such a story.

I, the one who typed this post, have plenty of narration experience…

MissMuffet'sMoralConfusion_Worm-SquishingScenesOnly

Apparently, Patience Muffet is the antiheroine of this cartoon; she’s morally confused about bugs! Since, technically, bugs are tiny living things(or organisms) & she’s so much bigger than they are, she sometimes wonders if she’s still a good person, although she sometimes kills bugs for various reasons. She would never want to kill another human, but sometimes she will kill a bug & sometimes she won’t, depending on her mood. In human governments, she is technically not a murderess, but in the bug government of this cartoon world, she’s considered a monster. (The word “murder” has a special definition about killing…)

When it comes to my cartoons, my enemies (if I have any) have 3 special rights:

  1. They have the right to view my cartoons. Any cartoon of mine they choose to dislike/hate is their problem, not mine, and I’m not interested in knowing why!
  2. They have the right to visit my Website. Any visit to the Index Page counts as a hit to my hit counter and will be recorded!
  3. They have the right to change the channel. Any educational message from my cartoons that they ignore only increases their ignorance even more! (Plus, I doubt that they’ll pay attention to my advice now!)
MultiplyingBigNumbers

The green character Brain is right about multiplication! The red character School Box Man AKA Yorkie Marker is very confused about how to solve this math problem! By the way, the answer to the math problem in this cartoon is 5,332,114.

Do you really dislike math? If you do, the design of American math tests could be to blame! They are purposely designed to confuse students in math classes, plus students are getting ridiculously over-tested nowadays. It’s even damaging to the health, hearts & brains of both the students & teachers! Because of this, the students start to lose interest in the subject or fear it. What a shame, because mathematics is actually something beautiful. Math is everything, and we need to use it to solve everyday problems.

There is more to math than just number-crunching! It is also about shapes, logic, reasoning, space and theories. However, some textbooks are ineffective in students’ education. Good teachers make math exciting & enjoyable despite seemingly boring textbooks, but bad teachers don’t become better ones just because of how a textbook is written. Textbooks are important & necessary for studying & learning math, but the most important factor in school effectiveness is the teacher(s). Because of how ineffective & damaging some textbooks are to students’ education, some teachers have even given up teaching!

The context that is chosen in the questions of the math tests confuse young learners. They use terms that English Language Learners may not know; female math students, those from low-income homes & minority cultural groups are particularly damaged by the strange context & complicated language of the tests. In other countries, contexts are minimized since they create barriers that prevent some students from understanding the questions properly. Some multiple-choice questions have answers to choose from, but the way that the answers are printed create more confusion!

Sometimes, math classes turn into psychological prisons because of this phenomenon! Some students start to believe that they’re stupid because they failed a math test, yet, these same students may have did well in math in the past. The tests are actually being too comparative to the students, not to mention harsh, instead of assessing mathematical understanding. Some states have laws that forbid calculators in math tests; however, even a genius needs a calculator to keep track sometimes! The systems of some schools are designed to label kids about how well they can do math. Fellow math students may categorize each other as smart or stupid, quick or slow. Although, not everyone learns about something the exact same way.

Girls in math classes like to know why a method works, where it comes from and how it relates to previous methods they learned. It helps when they can see why the method works. On the other hand, when they don’t know how they got the right answers, it spoils the purpose of the lessons. Also, most students who drop math classes are girls, although they may be highly suited for math.

It’s the misrepresentation of mathematics that’s creating the problem; it even pulls students & teachers away from important mathematical activities & learning opportunities! To encourage kids to do mathematics, it should be represented in a more enjoyable way! Have your students play games that are related to mathematics. Let them do puzzles and play with toys. Encouraging kids to play with building blocks is a good start. Other good examples are jigsaw puzzles, dice & Rubik’s Cubes, anything that involves fitting objects together or rotating them. Make the puzzles interesting, too, so they won’t get bored but instead get some enthusiasm!

The 2 girls Candy(left) & Fudge(right) are building a pyramid of legoes with their toes! Legoes can help improve a child's spatial thinking skills.

The 2 girls Candy(left) & Fudge(right) are building a pyramid of legoes with their toes! Legoes can help improve a child’s spatialization skills.


My source of reference for this essay is a book entitled “What’s Math Got To Do It?” by Jo Boaler. I recommend reading it for more information about how to help American children learn to love mathematics.

Some people believe that planet alignments cause strange stuff to happen. One example is related to this 2012 end-of-the-world hoax. In fact, some people even believe that the alignment of the planets will affect the magnetic field of Earth; they believe that the magnetic field would reverse if the planets of our solar system align. Plus, they think this will happen on December 21, 2012. All of this is a bunch of myths!

What happens when planets in a solar system align? Absolutely nothing! In fact, the planets of this solar system have aligned hundreds of times in the past, and none of the planets were affected. Perhaps something happens in a science fiction story, but in reality, it’s nothing too significant. Planet alignment is a rather rare event.

Speaking of alignment, if you could line up all the planets in the solar system together in a row, they could all fit into the Sun’s diameter! Not even Jupiter’s size is close to the Sun’s! I did the math: The sum of the diameters of the planets is 400,698 km. This is less than the Sun’s diameter: 1,392,000 km. This sum of the planets’ diameters is about 28.786% of the Sun’s diameter, leaving about 71.214% of the Sun’s diameter uncovered! The Sun is that BIG! (Pluto was excluded since scientists demoted it to an icy dwarf planetoid, but even if you include Pluto, they would all fit in.)

Here is the corresponding pie chart to the data described in the final paragraph. All the planets in the solar system together are smaller than the Sun!

Here’s a Web page I found the day I typed this blog: http://www.4thdayalliance.com/files/2012.html

This page tells more about the whole 2012 thing people are scared about, and why we have nothing to worry about.

Have you noticed that planets, moons, stars, and most other celestial objects in space are shaped like balls? All round things have radii(plural of radius) which can be used to calculate its circumference or area if it’s 2-dimensional, and volume or surface area if it’s 3-dimensional.

If you remember your geometry, you know that a circle’s circumference is equal to 2 * pi * its radius, or pi * its diameter; the area is pi * its radius squared, or (pi * its diameter squared)/4. The volume of a sphere(or ball) is (4 * pi * the radius cubed)/3, or (pi * the diameter cubed)/6; the surface area is 4 * pi * the radius squared, or pi * the diameter squared. The diameter is always twice the radius, which in turn affects these formulas. If you square the diameter, then you have to divide the original formula by 4. If you cube the diameter, then you have to divide the original formula by 8. The divisor goes up in powers of 2 as you raise the diameter to the same power of dimensions, because if the formula was pi * r which is correct for calculating 1/2 the circumference, then substituting with d forces you to cut the product of pi and the diameter in half for the answer to stay correct.

Now here’s the fantastic part! If you could double the radius of a planet, not only would you double the diameter, but you would also quadruple the surface area, and octuple the volume of the planet! Tripling the radius(and the diameter) multiplies the surface area by 9, and the volume by 27! If you quadruple the radius, you multiply the surface area by 16 and the volume by 64!  It’s exponential!

This kind of math is called Fractal Geometry. It tells you how the mass, volume, weight, et cetera of something(or someone) would change as you multiply its/her/his size. This can strongly relate to Alice in Wonderland! By the way, here is the size-multiplying formula:

M = k * L^d

L is the size multiplier

k is the original size

d is the number of dimensions

M is the mass of the object(or in this case, character)

Suppose Alice was 5 feet & 7 inches tall, and weighed 115 pounds; that makes her a mass of 52 kilograms & 3 elevenths. If she ate something that doubled her size, then she would be 11 feet & 2 inches tall, and weigh 920 pounds since her mass is octupled (multiplied by 8) as her size doubles! She would then be 418 kilograms & 2 elevenths! Here’s the math:

For Height:

M = 67 inches * 2^1 (Since height is 1-dimensional)

M = 67 inches * 2

M = 134 inches which is 11 feet & 2 inches

 For Weight:

M = 115 pounds * 2^3 (Since weight is 3-dimensional)

M = 115 pounds * 8

M = 920 pounds

Note: An object or character’s weight and volume are always multiplied by the same number as the mass.

Like I typed before, weight & mass are not the same thing, but they relate to each other! In fact, weight is the dependent variable in this function; mass & gravity are the independent variables: Weight = mass * gravity. Altering gravity would also change Alice’s weight, but not her size. Inclusively, changing both mass & gravity would dramatically make Alice a superheavy giantess!

In conclusion, if our planet Earth changed size, then its gravity would also have to change; the larger the planet, the stronger the gravity.

I used this Web site as a source of reference: http://classes.yale.edu/fractals/FracAndDIm/BoxDim/BoxDim.html but it no longer exists.

Now that you learned this formula about size-shifting, maybe you can solve my puzzle: http://www.blueworldcartoons.com/MassMultiplication.html

Yep, this is a sequel to a previous blog! There is more that I thought about alien calendars. Whether the year were longer or shorter, it would have dramatic effects on history & the space-time continuum.

With more months on the calendar, there would be room for more holidays in the year! However, our planet would have to be further away from the Sun, so it would have a longer orbit, making the year longer. To have a year with less than 12 months, Earth would have to be closer to the Sun, so it would have a shorter orbit, shortening the year. The year would no longer have exactly 365 days(366 on leap years); we would have to add 29.5 days on the average for every extra month, and subtract 29.5 days on the average for every deleted month! A month may not be completely deleted so that only 3 weeks would be deleted from the calendar, or a month may be lengthened to have 3 extra weeks!

There are several problems with moving Earth closer to or further from the Sun. One problem is that Earth would no longer be in the Goldilocks Zone; it would be too hot if it was too close, and too cold if it was too far from the Sun to support life. Another problem is that if holidays are deleted from the calendar because there wasn’t enough room in the year, it would cause all sorts of chaos! Imagine if Christmas was deleted from the year; wouldn’t people feel miserable if they didn’t get any Christmas presents for the current year after being nice? Shortening the year could also delete Thanksgiving!(My favorite holiday of the year. I certainly wouldn’t like that!) Halloween would most likely be the next holiday to get deleted because the months at the end of the year would get deleted first. Making changes in time like this would really confuse people!

So in conclusion, it’s best if Earth’s orbit stays just the way it is. There is an infinite amount of wonderful events waiting to happen in the future for us to celebrate! These events can happen on holidays that already exist, like Christmas; then you have 2 events to celebrate! Here’s a weird fact about calendars: according to www.timeanddate.com, September 14, 1752 was the next day after September 2, 1752! Since our forefathers switched from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar in 1752, 11 days were deleted that year, so it only had 355 days! You can click on the link to visit the Website and look for calendars of past years to find out for yourself! In fact, why don’t you click here: http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/?year=1752&country=1

Sabrina Cecilia Pixie hated Halloween so much that she wanted to delete it from history! She asked Dr. John Von Foolish if she could use his time machine to do it, but he warned her that deleting any specific holiday from history would corrupt the space-time continuum.